Studies in the Osteopathic
Basic Principles: Volume
Louisa Burns, M.S., D.O., D.Sc.O.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Preface to the Series.
Preface to the Volume.
Dr. Andrew Taylor Still.
CHAPTER I.—Normal structure is essential
to normal function.
CHAPTER II.—Normal function is essential
to normal structure.
CHAPTER III.—Normal environment is essential
to normal function.
CHAPTER IV.—The normal body has a habit
CHAPTER V.—The blood preserves and defends
CHAPTER VI.—The rule of the artery prevails.
CHAPTER VII.—The nerves unify the organs
of the body.
CHAPTER VIII.—All structures innervated
from any segment of the spinal cord are affected by sensory impulses reaching
CHAPTER IX.—Nothing of benefit can be added
to the normal environment of the normal cell.
CHAPTER X.—Nothing better than its normal
environment can be given the injured cell.
CHAPTER XI.—After its reserves are exhausted,
any increase in cell activity not accompanied by increased energy supply
must be at the expense of cell structure.
CHAPTER XII.—Abnormal function is indicative
of abnormal structure or environment.
CHAPTER XIII.—Disease symptoms are efforts
at adjustment to external conditions.
CHAPTER XIV.—Abnormal body fluids may feed
micro-organisms and parasites.
CHAPTER XV.—The habit of disease may perpetuate
abnormal conditions for a time.
CHAPTER XVI.—External changes affect abnormal
rather than normal tissues.
CHAPTER XVII.—“Life is short, opportunity
fleeting, judgment difficult, treatment easy, though hard; but treatment
after thought is proper and profitable.”
CHAPTER XVIII.—Irrational therapeutics perpetuate
CHAPTER XIX.—Therapeutics modify racial
CHAPTER XX.—The true osteopath is the true
physician. He must be fitted to do the best thing possible under
every conceivable circumstance of human suffering.
CHAPTER XXI.—There are certain points upon
the surface of the body whose manipulations affect visceral activity.
CHAPTER XXII.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: Preliminary considerations.
CHAPTER XXIII.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: The cranial structures.
CHAPTER XXIV.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: The arms.
CHAPTER XXV.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: The lungs.
CHAPTER XXVI.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers; The heart.
CHAPTER XXVII.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: The abdominal viscera.
CHAPTER XXVIII.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: The abdominal viscera, continued.
CHAPTER XXIX.—The experimental demonstration
of the osteopathic centers: The pelvic viscera.
1874, Dr. Still began the study of the science now known as Osteopathy.
The idea of viewing the human body as a machine, planned by a Master Mechanic,
“thoroughly furnished to every good work,” is the foundation of Dr. Still’s
early teachings. The urgent need of careful and exact diagnosis,
and the essential importance of the study of the structure and function
of the normal body, are impressed again and again upon the reader of the
books written by Dr. Still. Many of the precepts found in his writings
are used in daily practice by thousands of osteopaths all over the country.
We who live today can have no adequate conception of the magnitude of the
changes in therapeutic ideas which are being brought about through the
teachings of Dr. Still and his followers. The future generations
will know, perhaps, but people of his own day can never know the measure
of the influence of that great man toward right and wholesome, free and
IN THE OSTEOPATHIC SCIENCES
LOUISA BURNS, M.S., D.O., D. Sc.
Professor of Physiology
The Pacific College of Osteopathy
THE OCCIDENT PRINTERY
series of text books is to be composed of eight volumes, dealing with the
sciences which must underlie a rational system of therapeutics.
appearance of the series may be modified by the publication of books dealing
with the same subjects by other authors. For this reason, it is considered
unwise to offer an exact list of the volumes in order. They will,
however, consider the etiology, nature, prevention and diagnosis of diseased
conditions, and the best manner of dealing with sick people from several
is intended that laboratory methods of investigating these subjects shall
be magnified. The time is past for endeavoring to settle matters
of fact by an appeal to argument, even though the argument be logically
based upon premises from the best of authorities. Original work will
hold first place in these books. It is not intended that the researches
of others shall be disregarded. The only point is that it is actual
observations which are to be considered, and not arguments based merely
upon other people’s opinions.
is evident that such a work as this must require much time. Therefore
succeeding volumes are not to be expected at short intervals.
The Laboratory of Physiology,
The Pacific College of Osteopathy.
TO THE FIRST VOLUME
book is written for the use of students of osteopathy, either before or
after their graduation. It is hoped that the rather broad discussion
of the biological principles upon which the methods of osteopathic therapeutics
are based will be found somewhat suggestive and convincing. The experiments
demonstrating the osteopathic centers are described rather fully, in the
hope that they may be repeated or continued by others.
collateral readings at the foot of the chapters will be found instructive.
It is expected that students who take up this book have already a fair
knowledge of biology, anatomy and physiology, both comparative and human.
The collateral readings will include, however, references to those text
books of physiology which contain especially valuable discussions of points
referred to in the different chapters. For those who wish to study
the collateral subjects more thoroughly, the bibliography will be found
helpful, though it is by no means exhaustive.
glossary has been generously planned. The needs of those students
of osteopathy whose diplomas are beginning to turn yellow were especially
considered in the preparation of this feature.
this book may go, I wish to send with it my earnest appreciation of the
tireless and intelligent assistance which the students of The Pacific College
have given me in its preparation. During these long series of experiments,
amid the difficulties which always attend new work, I have found continued
inspiration and strength in the enthusiastic cooperation of my friends,
my fellow-students in the Laboratory of Physiology.
kindly interest of my fellow teachers and of the osteopaths of the County
Association has been very helpful.
should like this book to carry with it also my sincere gratitude for the
generous encouragement and the thoughtful advice given me by Clement A.
Whiting, D. Sc., D. O.
The Laboratory of Physiology,
The Pacific College of Osteopathy,
Los Angeles, California, July 3, 1907.