D. D. Palmer
In our last lesson we learned that intuition is
a knowing without reasoning. That instinct is a natural inherited
impulse, unassisted by reasoning.
An impulse is a spontaneous incitement arising from
the feelings of the mind or spirit in the form of an abrupt and vivid suggestion
prompting some premeditated action. An impulse suddenly starts or
drives a thought forward to action.
Thoughts are entities; they exist, are created by
imagination, reflection, mediation, judgment and reason; they are elaborated.
They may be transfered from one intelligent being to another by signs,
speech or telepathy. A sign is that which communicates an idea, speech
consists of articulate sounds transferred by atmospheric vivbration, telepathy
is the communication of ideas betwen two minds at a distance from each
other without the aid of words or signs.
The power or force of thought depends upon its momentum,
and momentum upon the impetus received from nerve vibration during transmission.
Vibrations receive their force from the amount of heat. The amount
of molecular action and heat are coexistent. Molecular action decides
the quantity of heat. Heat determines the amount of molecular action.
The quantity of heat depends upon tension, and tension upon excitation.
Normal stimulus is furnished by Innate, the spirit, a segment of Universal
Intelligence. Too much or two little excitation, stimulation, is
the result of over-tension. Over-tension from pressure, displacement
of the tension frame (bones) and nerve toxication.
Morbid impulses are qualified and differentiated
as animal, destructive, homicidal, suicidal, uncontrollable, and especially
those of an insane character. An impulse denotes action, not an entity.
Function is the special and normal action of any
organ or part of a living animal. This includes the natural action
of any mental faculty. Pathological functions are those performed
in a greater or lesser degree than normal.
Force is that power which produces or arrests motion,
that which may be converted into motion, the rate of transforming energy.
Vitality is the vigorous active principle upon which
individual life depends.
Vital force is that principle of life which imparts
energy. It is inherent in each organ of an organism.
Energy is the internal, inherent power, the product
of activity, that which is aroused by an impulse.
Nerve-vibration carries thoughts, commands, orders,
known as impulses when in transit over the nervous system.
Thoughts gather force, receive impetus, while being
transmitted, the amount depending upon the quantity of nerve vibration.
Momentum is the force of motion acquired by the movement
of thoughts, the impetus received from nerve-vibration.
Tone is the normal activity, strength and excitability
of the various organs and functions as observed in health. Tone is
a response of tonicity.
Tonicity is the normal elasticity of the filamentary
or threadllike structures of the body, the nervous system.
To innervate is to supply with nerve-force.
To enervate is to deprive of nerve-force.
An impulse is a communicated thought. Impulses
are conveyed over the nervous system by means of vibration.
Thoughts originate in man, animal and spirit.
They are forwarded by atmospheric and etheric vibration. In spoken
language by the former and by the latter where the affections of one mind
are acted upon by the thoughts or emotions of another without communication
through the ordinary channels of sensation, viz., the five senses.
There are two kinds of impulses, sensational and
motor. Motor impulses go outward and sensational inward. The
motor is twofold, one originating in the mind of the physical, governs
animal functions, the nerves of animal life, it is under the control of
the human will; the other is not under the control of the human will but
that of spirit, and controls the sympathetic nerve of organic life, creating
and continuing an intellectual existence. A sensational impulse is
one which comes from without, one which creates within us sense impressions
of our environments. A sense impression is no more or less than a
recognition of nerve vibration, which is set in motion by the force of
a sensational impulse. An impulse (a thought in transit) may be passed
from one intellect to another, as in hypnotism and telepathy, or it may
be transported from one portion of the body to another. In the latter
case the nervous system is the transmitting medium.
An impulse does not make a circuit. Mental,
motor, impulses go away from the central nervous system. Sensory
impulses go to the central nervous system and away from the external, and
to the origination of nerves. Motor or sensory impulses do not make
a circuit, they do not circulate. Motor impulses may be of the mental
or spirit, the sensory is of the mental.
Life (intelligent action) is the response to an impulse.
This is true of the voluntary and involuntary functions. The former
are those of the human will, the latter are those of the spirit.
The impulse in transit is the thought sent out, it always remains the same
in its requirement and command; however, its force may be augmented or
decreased, owing to the amount of nerve vibration.
Functions performed normally, with normal force,
produce activity known as health. Functions performed with more or
less force than those indicating health is disease. Either of these
conditions is life, one of health and the other of disease.
Pathology is modified physiology. Pathological
operations are physiological acts modified. Processes which are pathological
are but modified functional movements. Physiological impulses may
become pathological in their expression.
The spiritual or organic impulses are transmitted
over the sympathetic ganglionic nervous system, the nerves of organic life
which ramify the viscera of the four cavities of the body, whereas the
mental impulses are of the mind, under the control of the human will; they
go to the somatic portion of the body over the anterior and posterior branches
of the spinal nerves. It will be seen that the impulses of spirit
(Innate) and those of Educated (the mind) have different origins, each
are transmitted over their special nerves, the splanchnopleure to the inner
or visceral portion and the somatopleure to the body wall. These
two classes of impulses, destined for different portions of the body, over
entirely different divisions of nerves, the one involuntary, the other
voluntary, the former devoted to organic life, the latter to animal, ought
not be thrown into one indiscriminate lot, as “Innate mental impulses.”
That Frenchman threw in a question a few evenings
ago by saying, although the lady with the head of beautiful flowing hair
has a good flow of language, yet there is nothing about her hair that is
characteristic of a fluid.
I was referring to physical science, natural philosophy,
which deals with the material world. However, any gentle, gradual
movement or procedure of thought, diction, or music, which resembles the
quiet, steady movement of a river, or a continuous outpouring of words,
a stream of language, is referred to as flowing.
It is assumed that all intelligence, our thoughts,
every impulse, is formulated in the brain. If so, in what particular
part of the brain? Do they originate in the pons, the oblongata,
cerebellum or the cerebrum? If in the cerebrum, which half? Is that
originating center midway in the corpus callosum, between the two hemispheres?
Why not say, I do not know?
In physical science to flow is a type of motion characteristic
of fluids, that is, of liquids, gases and viscous solids. A viscous
solid is one distinguished by vicosity, having the quality of being adhesive,
sticky, ropy, or glutious consistency. Impulses do not flow as a
liquid, transudate or circulate as a fluid, or become softened sufficiently
to run as a viscous solid. Rivers flow from lakes, tears from the
eyes, and the menstrual flow is periodical. Impulses are not liquids,
therefore, do not flow. Light, heat, sound and impulses are transmitted
by vibration -- molecular action -- they do not flow. Vital force
is inherent, consequently, does not flow.
Impulses are not substances, they are not ponderable,
capable of being weighed, they cannot be measured by the bushel, they have
no length, breadth or thickness; they do not flow, they cannot be percented,
nor impeded, hindered, obstructed or interfered with by the placing of
an obstruction in their pathway. The arch or bar of a violin, guitar
or other stringed instrument, which gives permanency to and causes the
wires or strings to be tensely stretched, do not prevent the passage of
vibration. An impingement modifies tensions, it changes the amount
of vibration, but does not obstruct the course of an impulse; it simply
augments or decreases the force of an impulse.
Please remember, abnormal functions and morbid tissue
Howell’s Text-Book of Physiology says: “Variations
of temperature change the velocity of the impulse, the rate of transmission
increases with a rise of temperature up to a certain point. The irritability
and conductivity of nerve fibers are influenced markedly by temperature.
If a small area of a trunk nerve be cooled or heated the nerve impulse
as it passes through this area may be increased or decreased in strength.
Impulse conductivity may be entirely suspended by cooling a nerve down
to zero, Centigrade; 32 above zero, Fahrenheit. Function promptly
returns when the nerves are warmed.”
Why are abnormal functions and morbid tissue always
associated? Because tissue can only perform functions becoming their
condition; structure determines the amount of function. The special
action of an organ or other part of the body is determined by the firmness,
renitency and tension of tissue.
The truths of biological science have been known
for centuries. I made use of them in formulating the science of chiropractic.
The principles which compose the science of chiropractic have existed as
long as animals have had backbones.
Physicians and surgeons knew of and have taught nerve-tension;
neurectasia, nerve-stretching and nerve vibration. They have used,
and so have the osteopaths, the stretching of nerves as a therapeutical
agent for many years. I was the first to assume that the neuroskeleton
was a nerve tension-frame.
Vertebral luxations have been known for many years.
I was the first to affirm that slightly luxated joints, those in which
the articular surfaces had exceeded their normal limit of movement and
there become fixed, was quite common. It was I who first said that
about 95 per cent of all diseases were because of luxated joints and that
the other five per cent were in other displaced joints.
Many physicians and surgeons have occasionally replaced
displaced vertebrae. To D. D. Palmer rightfully belongs the credit
of replacing displaced vertebral articulations. See cut on page 220
of The adjuster.
Before 1895 a few vertebrae were replaced by physicians
and surgeons. This was accomplished by main strength and awkwardness.
See cut on page 886 of Adjuster.
It has always been held by all practitioners that
the blood heated the body in health and disease until July 1, 1903.
See cuts on 487 and 489 of the Adjuster.
The different kinds of nerve-pressure have been known
to physicians and surgeons. I have added nothing new on pressure.
However, I am the first to state that displacements of the joints of the
tension-frame cause nerves to become more tense than normal, thereby creating
It has always been held that poisons affected the
blood. That bloody delusion will soon be a theorum of the past.
Poisons affect nerves. I am the first to say so -- what of it.
My affirmation will in a measure prevent a lying plagarist from being believed.
I originated nerve-tracing and taught it to my early
students while the pseudo fountain head was fishing for tadpoles.
I have succeeded in making displaced articular surfaces
adjusting practical. Why not make it definite, specific, scientific?