D. D. Palmer
CENTER PLACE AND SECOND CENTER PLACE
Pathologists tell us that hemiplegia is “Usually
due to cerebral disease.” “The condition is due to hemorrhage, embolism,
or thrombosis.” “An escape of blood into one side of the brain arrests
the action of this organ, so that the part of the body which is moved by
nervous influence of this side of the brain is paralyzed.” “Due usually
to a lesion of some part of the corpus striatum and internal capsule, of
the crus cerebri, or of the cortex or subcortex of the opposite side of
the brain.” A. P. Davis “Claims that osteopathic treatment offers
better results than can be derived from any other source known, for the
reason that blood (arterial blood to the parts) is the only tissue builder
One of my earliest discoveries was that hemiplegia,
paralysis of the lateral half of the body, was due to a displaced sixth
dorsal vertebra; that displacements of the articulations caused extreme
nerve tension; that by replacing the luxated vertebra, the nerve, or rather
the fibers of the sixth dorsal nerve, resumed normal tension and normal
functionating. In some cases it is alternate, one-half of the body
and the opposite of the face, or it may affect the lower limb on one side
and the upper limb on the opposite side. If the paralysis does not
include the face and head, but the balance of the body, look to the cervical.
In facial hemiplegia, paralysis of one-half of the face, look to the cervical.
Infantile hemiplegia, birth paralysis, look to C. P. Hemirheumatism, affecting
a lateral half of the body, look to C. P. Paralysis and
rheumatism are opposite conditions; one exhibits too much function and
the other a lack of action and sensation.
Adjust center place for diseases which affect the
whole body, or a lateral half.
Knowing the region of dislocation, it is easy to
locate the displacement and the affected nerve by noting the contour of
the spinous processes and nerve sensation by palpation.
The ganglionic nerve-chains extend from the occiput
to the coccyx; fibers of which extend into the cranium and become a part
of one or more of the cranial nerves. The double axial vertebral
nerve chains are distributing agencies for the nerves of organic life.
They control the circulation of the blood, respiration, nutrition and all
the vital processes. They are the involuntary nerves, not directly
under the control of the human will. They are connected by communicating
nerves, one with the other, and with the various organs, blood vessels
There are many diseases which are caused by a displacement
of the sixth dorsal vertebra. To illustrate, typhoid fever is the
result of decaying animal and vegetable effluvia, a subtle emanation of
a noxious, morbific character, having an injurious influence on human beings
when inhaled. Poisons act on and contract the nervous system, contracted
nerves act on muscles pulling vertebrae out of alignment; vertebrae out
of alignment stretch nerves, cause increased contraction, vibration and
heat; excessive heat causes necrosis in those organs or parts to which
the fibers of the sixth dorsal nerves end in and innervate. Local
inflammatory conditions occur, such as necrosis and suppuration of the
intestines, lungs, spleen, liver and degenerative changes in the kidneys.
The vertebral ganglionic chains distribute fibers to various parts of the
body, carry involuntary impulses, whether normal or abnormal, create functions
which result in health or disease.
To use the language of pathologists, “The system
reacts in some way, as yet unknown, to check its progress and to bring
it to a termination at the end of four weeks.” “It is impossible
to cut short the disease.”
In some cases the symptoms of typhoid continue for
months or years. This unlimited condition is known as ambulating
or walking typhoid.
Cretinism appears during the first three years of
life. It is a condition of physical, mental degeneracy and non-development.
It is characterized by goitre, or an absence of the thyroid gland, premature
ossification of bones, deformity of the head and face, large thick lips,
protruding tongue, misshapen cranium, lack of sensibility, stupid countenance,
thick neck, shortness of arms and legs, prominent abdomen, imbecility or
idiocy, arrested bodily growth, mental development lacking -- dwarfed idiots.
The “sympathetic nervous system is based upon superstition
and while in vogue now, will not be in fifty years. It is unknown
to the P.S.C. and is replaced with a direct brain cell-to-cell nerve connection.
We have said right along that the basis of the sympathetic nervous system
was wrong because we are taught that man has 129 ganglions which are equivalent
to 129 brains. When I saw there was no use for a sympathetic nervous
system, I threw it out, and then just had to put something better in its
place, so I discovered Direct Mental Impulse.” Since D. D. Palmer
ceased to be the editor of The Chiropractor, its pages do not teach and
its clinics do not make use of the sympathetic nervous system, the cranial
nerves, the accessory, or communicating, or recurrent nerves.
A case of hemiplegia will illustrate the difference
between the “direct mental impulse” theory discovered by B. J. Palmer and
so taught to his students and that of the nervous system found in man alive
and dead, and known by all anatomists. To reach each portion of the
body affected by hemiplegia by the “direct method” would require the adjusting
of a half-dozen or more vertebrae, as given by the “combination of functions”
method. This form of paralysis is the result of one displaced vertebra
impinging upon one nerve and not a “combination of functions.” Considering
the ganglionic chain of the sympathetic nervous system, the impingement
is only on one nerve, one bundle of nerve-fibers which are distributed
to the parts affected by the sympathetic ganglia. These ganglia are
relays in the pathways for the transmission of impulses from the regions
in which they arise to the tissue in which they are distributed.
Communications between the central nervous system and the sympathetic is
established through both efferent and afferent fibers. All spinal
nerves are joined by gray rami communicantes from the sympathetic trunk.
Corresponding communications exist between the cranial nerves and the sympathetic,
but these occur farther toward the periphery and in not so regular a manner
as the communications between the spinal nerves and the sympathetic system.
Through this ganglionic distributing agency the fibers of one nerve reach
one half of the body. This impingement will be found at center-place.
In the “direct system” the half-dozen or more places adjusted, none of
which were displaced, will make displacements, if moved, cause impingement
upon nerves and affections in the portion where they end.
A case of hemiplegia (lateral half paralysis) has
just been presented to me. The patient received pseudo-adjusting
from the hands of the originator of the “direct mental impulse” system
at atlas, axis, 3d 5th, 8th, 9th and 12th dorsals, also on the 3d lumbar,
in all 8 places, missing center place, the 6th dorsal. The “direct
mental impulse” system is anything but direct.
See last paragraph on page 254 of The Adjuster.