The Practical Magnetic
G. M. Brown
MANIPULATIONS -- OSTEO
Let your concentrated intention be always
foremost in your mind during these manipulations, if you want the best
results. The physical effect is all that can be expected from the
following, which is credited to Dr. Barber, and are given to the reader
as being valuable as a vehicle in conveying suggestions, and will perhaps
be better understood by the patient.
First . Using the arms and limbs as levers,
stretching all muscles to which they give attachment and moving the flesh
and muscles from side to side the entire length of the limb stretches and
softens those muscles, thus permitting a free flow of the fluids and nerve
forces to these parts, a stoppage of which means disease in some of its
varied forms. One thorough treatment of an arm or leg will often
instantly cure and always relieve any acute case of any nature in the extremities.
A very few treatments, administered one each day, will cure any acute case.
Chronic cases can be usually cured by a continuation of the treatment every
other day for from two to six weeks, even after all other methods have
been tried and failed.
Second. Move and soften, by deep manipulations
and by rotating the body as much as possible, all the muscles of the spine,
the cerebro-spinal cord being the great trunk from which springs the spinal
nerves, it being contained in and protected by the upper three-fourths
of the spinal column. It is very flexible consisting of many separate
bones between which is placed the elastic intravertebral cartilage.
As the spinal nerves which control the different muscles, organs, etc.,
escape from the spinal cord through openings or foramina in the different
sections of the vertebral column, it will be readily understood that the
numerous muscles which are attached to and move the spine must always be
very soft and elastic. Contraction here means interference with nerves
that may control some distant part and a consequent partial or complete
paralysis of that part, until by manipulation or accidentally you stretch
the muscle at fault, thus turning on the current from that great dynamo,
the brain, and once more your machine moves forward. What would be
your opinion of a motorman, when his car came to a standstill through lack
of motor power, if he poured medicine on the wheels? It would be
just as sensible as converting the stomach into an apothecary’s shop, hoping
thereby to remove an obstruction which was breaking the current between
headquarters and the liver. We find that there are very few organic
troubles whose origin may not be traced directly to the spine and cured
by a thorough treatment of the spinal column continued every second day
for from two to six weeks. In 90 per cent of all cases immediate
relief will be the result of first treatment.
Third. Use the head as a lever, move and stretch
all the muscles of the neck. This treatment frees the circulation
to the head, an obstruction of which is the true cause of catarrh, weak
eyes, deafness, roaring in the head, dizziness, and, in fact, almost all
disorders of the head. Many acute cases can be instantly cured, while
those that have become chronic require from two to six weeks.
Fourth. Bending the patient backwards, with
the knee pressing on the back just below the last rib, will instantly cure
any case of looseness of the bowels, from common diarrhea to bloody flux,
and a continuation of the treatment will cure any case of chronic diarrhea.
Fifth. A nerve center has been discovered at
the base of the brain termed vaso-motor, which can be reached by a pressure
on the back of the neck over the upper cervicals. A pressure at this
point continued from three to five minutes will slow the action of the
heart, often reducing the pulse from 100 to a normal condition in a few
minutes’ time. It is from this center that, without the use of drugs,
we control fevers, during any fever that is curable, in one-half the time
that the same work can be done with medicine.
Sixth. In all cases where the general system
seems to be affected, give a general treatment, thus freeing and permitting
all forces of the machine to act.
Seventh. Never treat an acute case oftener
than once in three hours, or a chronic case oftener than once a day.
Eighth. It is never safe to use this treatment
during pregnancy, except in diseases of the head or extremities, and in
those with caution. To draw the arms high and strongly above the
head, at the same instant pressing on the spine below the last dorsal vertebra,
or to flex the limbs strongly against the chest during this period is dangerous
in the extreme.
Ninth. While this treatment will improve the
action and remove the pain in stiff, chronic dislocated joints, the dislocation
can never be reduced. We have seen it tried, and tried it ourselves
a great many times, meeting with no success where there was really a dislocation.
There are a great many cases where the patient is suffering from rheumatism
or a similar trouble in which the muscles are contracted and he can easily
be led to believe that the dislocation does really exist and that the operator
who simply stretches the muscles has reduced the imaginary dislocation.
This we believe also to be the case regarding the many dislocated ribs
found by the average “bone doctor.” While they may be correct, we
have demonstrated the fact, times without number, that drawing the arms
high above the head, at the same instant pressing at almost any point with
the knee immediately below the scapulas, thus stretching the muscles of
the chest and springing the ribs forward, will instantly cure sharp acute
pains in the sides or chest and certain cases of heart disease, while a
continuation of the same treatment will cure asthma or consumption.
It is on this vital point that we differ in class as well as in practice
with the members of our profession. While they trace most effects
to dislocated bones and never fail to effect a cure if it is within the
bounds of reason, we effect equally remarkable cures by simply stretching
and manipulating the muscles, thus freeing the circulation. We do
not believe it possible that to hide his secrets a “bone doctor” would
deceive the public. We believe that in a vain attempt to set the
bones in the manner prescribed by Dr. Still the circulation is freed and
the patient recovers.
First. Secure a pine table, two feet
high, two feet wide, and six feet long over which spread a bed-quilt and
at one end place one or two pillows. While an acute case may be treated
on a chair, a couch, or on the floor, for a chronic case, which is liable
to take several weeks’ treatment, it is always advisable to secure a table.
Second. In treating a gentleman it is seldom
necessary to remove more than his outer clothing.
Third. A lady must loossen her tight clothing
and remove her corset. The principles of Osteo requirements as above
described can be applied successfully through a reasonable amount of clothing,
except in cases which will be apparent.
Motion -- In treating the different diseases, it
should be well understood that these manipulations refer specially to chronic
and not acute diseases of the human body, as published by Dr. G. H. Taylor.
1. Transverse Pressure Motion -- Position --
Lying on the back, shoulders raised. If with face downward, lying
quite flat. Action -- The operator, standing beside and bending slightly
over the patient, places both hands across the part to which the action
is to be applied. He presses with his hands, by throwing upon them
as much weight as is perfectly agreeeable to his patient, always with enough
to secure perfect adhesion of the clothing both to the skin and to his
hands. Then, by one effort, conjointly, of his body and arms, he
communicates a reciprocating, or to and fro motion to the soft tissues
upon which pressure is made; hands, clothing, skin, flesh, all move as
one inseparable mass. After three or four repetitions in this one
place, the hands are slid along to the adjoining part, to which a similar
motion is applied, and so on till the designated portion of the body has
been thoroughly submitted to the action. This process is equally
applicable to all parts of the body and limbs.
Effect -- Increase of heat and of blood in the parts
subjected to the action are the first and most conspicuous effects.
The diminution of blood in other parts is the no less certain consequence.
Diffusion of heat throughout the body follows. Nervous activity,
in all its forms, is diminished.
Another effect is mechanical divulsion. This
is of the highest value especially in cases of stiffness of joints, rigid
and fixed contraction of special groups of muscles, producing deformity.
The fibres of muscular and connective tissue, which in consequence of some
previous inflammation or other cause, have long adhered together and resisted
all mechanical efforts to straighten a limb, soon become separable, pliable,
contractible, and resume their function, the deformity often entirely disappearing
without instrumental aid or the application of tractile force.
2. Longitudinal Pressure Motion--Position,
the same--Action--This form is also like the preceding, except that the
motion is applied in the general longitudinal direction of the limb and
its fibres instead of the traverse or cross-wise. It is therefore
necessary for the operator to so place himself as to cause his motions
to act lengthwise the body. Care is required to compress the flesh
by the fingers, or the heel of the hand, so as to prevent slipping; also
to make motions for the same reason.
Effect -- These are similar to those of No. 1, and
this process may usually alternate with that. As the motion is in
the general direction of the circulatory vessels, including lymphatics,
it affords special aid to the movements of the fluids contained by those
3. Circuitous Pressure Motion -- Position,
the same -- Action -- One or both hands of the operator, as is most convenient
is applied with considerable pressure to some portion of the body, trunk,
Instead of performing a traverse or longitudinal
reciprocal motion, the hand of the operator moves in a circuit, and with
it the mass of flesh it compresses. The extent of the motion and
diameter of the circuit depends on the elasticity of the fleshy mass to
which it is applied. Motion should be given in each alternation.
The favorite locations for applying this form of
movement are the shoulders, the hips, the chest , the abdomen, the thighs,
and calves. See No. 5.
Effect -- This motion favorably combines those whose
descriptions have preceded.
4. Fingers and Thumbs Grasping--Position, the
same--Action--The operator applies his two hands to any sufficiently prominent
mass of flesh in such a manner as to include between the opposing fingers
and thumbs as large a mass of flesh as can be grasped. This is rendered
feasible by the softness and elasticity of the tissues into which the fingers
slightly sink by their pressure. An effort is then made to partly
close the hands, thus firmly compressing the included flesh, which is momentarily
held under the pressure. The hands then relax, allowing the flesh
by its elasticity to recede to its former position. The same motion
is repeated at a short remove from the preceding location, and the process
is continued until the extremity or other region has been thoroughly subjected
to the operation. The action is a modified form of pinching, with
the difference that flesh is compressed rather than the skin, while the
effect on the skin is insufficient to awaken any sensation whatever.
All portions of the body may be subjected to this
form of manipulations. The back portions of the thighs, the calves,
the shoulders, the abdomen, etc., afford excellent fields for this process.
It is especially applicable to the heavy muscular masses each side of the
spinous processes of the vertebrae.
Effect -- This form of manipulations probably produces
more intense local mechanical effects than the others described.
It compels interchange of fluids, removes physical impediments to capillary
circulation, urges forward the venous blood, favors the transudation of
nutritive supplies from the arterial side of the capillaries, and produces
such forcible contact of the atoms destined to chemical change as shall
secure the perfected degree of chemio-physiological action.
5. Fingers and Thumbs Point Pressure Motion--Position,
the same--Action--The operator gathers the fingers and thumb of one or
both hands to as concentrated position as possible and applies them with
strong pressure, at the same time making either reciprocating or curvilinear
motions affecting all the tissues compressed except the skin.
Modification -- This process may be performed by
the heel of the hand, the fingers being elevated.
Effect -- This form of manipulation applied to any
circumscribed location is adapted to produce those revulsive effects which
diminish local pain.
It is for this purpose applicable for each side of
the spine, to the vicinity of the emergence of the sciatic, the facial,
and other nerves liable to neuralgia.
6. Knuckle Pressure Motion -- Position, reclining
or lying -- Action -- The operator, having his fingers closed or clenched
tightly, applies to the outer portion, that is, the first phalanges of
the fingers, with firm pressure to any soft, muscular part of the body,
and at the same time communicates motion to the included flesh beneath
the pressure. The motion may be either lineal, curved, or twisted,
care being taken to cause the part underneath to move with the hand.
After a half-dozen motions the hand of the operator may be moved to another
part, repeating the process in this way till the whole body, or such parts
as is judged expedient, have been subjected to the process. Either
one hand of the operator or both may be used in this process. They
may act together or reciprocally at the two opposite sides of the limb
or other part.
Effect -- This, which is one of the Japanese forms,
is particularly efficacious for the amount of power expended. The
hold on the flesh is firmer and more persistent than in other modes of
reaching the flesh, and a proportionately larger amount reaches the deep
tissues. It is particularly useful applied to the abdomen with deep
pressure to excite peristalsis; to the hips and thighs in cases of neuralgia
of the large nerves; to the spinal muscles, for revulsion, in nervous and
13. Leg Wringing -- Position, reclining on
a couch in an easy position, one leg extended horizontally so that the
operator may have free access to it.
Action -- The two hands of the operator grasp the
limbs from each side so as to partly encircle it with each hand, the thumb
and the fingers extending in either direction so as to grasp as far as
possible, the two hands having an inch or two of space between them, one
being placed above the other limb. A twisting motion is now given
by each hand in opposite directions; that is, one hand twists the flesh
it firmly holds in one direction, say to the right, while the other hand
moves the contents of its grasp to the left; the double action producing
a wringing of the flesh, much the same as when water is pressed or wrung
from wet clothes by means of the tightening of its fibres secured by a
similar process. This action is repeated two or three times under
the same double grasp, when the hands are moved so as to include a fresh
field of action, where it is repeated in a similar way, and so on till
the whole limb has been subjected to the process.
Effect -- Mechanical displacement of fluids, both
within and without the circulatory vessels, which includes not only the
blood of both kinds, but the contents of the lymphatics. The process
promotes muscular and correspondingly diminishes nervous nutritive support
and effects proportionate changes in the manifestations of these two orders
of vital energy.
14. Legs Transverse Pressure -- Motion -- This
is the special application to the lower limbs of No. 1, under which process
is described. In case the limb or some portion of it is too large for the
proper application of No. 13, the transverse pressure motion is substituted
for it. For the thighs, in the forward lying position, it is peculiarly
Effect -- The same as No. 13.
15. Thigh Rotation -- Position, reclining --
Action -- With one hand the operator grasps the leg near the ankle, with
the other he seizes the knee and raises the thigh till it is at right angle
with the body. He then causes the knee to describe as broad a circle
as possible, by carrying it near to the body, then laterally and downward
nearly to a line with the foreleg, thence returning at the other side of
the circle to the starting point. In performing this rotary motion
it is essential that the foot, which is guided by the other hand grasping
the ankle, also describes a similar circle of the same size, being cautious
during the process to preserve perfect parallelism between the axis of
the foreleg and the axis of the body. If this caution is observed
the process will be perfectly agreeable to the patient. If the parallel
of the axis of the foreleg and the body is not maintained, it is possible
that the ligament joining the leg to the body (hip-joint ligament) may
be unduly strained by the twist which is thus given it. The process
may be repeated a half dozen times in each direction and applied to both
legs, unless a special infirmity requires restriction to one leg.
Effect -- Rotation of the thigh causes alternate
tension and relaxation of all the small muscles, interior and exterior,
which connect the thigh with pelvic bones. The motion described causes
the distance between the points of attachment of the muscles which connect
the pelvis with the thigh bone, to increase and to diminish alternately
to the greatest extent that the mechanism of the parts will allow.
By this means the fibres and the cells constituting the muscles engaged
are subjected to the mechanical changes of form -- the nutritive fluids
in contact to the same changes of place as occur in exercise, but with
the radical difference that the will and the nervous system are in abeyance.
The consequence is that the fleshy masses about the
hips located either side of the pelvis are made the recipient of increased
nutritive support which immediately detracts from the surplus contained
in the pelvic organs. These latter are, in other words, unloaded
of their excess of blood and hiperaemia of these parts, including the lower
bowel and the generative intestine, is relieved.
This effect is usually denominated revulsive, but
differs from that produced by other means, in being permanent, and every
repetition of the process increases the tendency of self-perpetuation of
16. Leg Twisting -- Position, the same -- Action
-- With the lower leg resting on the knees of the operator, he grasps the
foot with one hand and the knee of the same leg with the other, then turns
the leg on its axis so that the foot lies as far as it may on one side,
immediately returns it to the opposite side also as far as the mechanism
of the parts will allow, thus causing the leg to be twisted on its axis.
The motion may be treated a dozen times.
Effect -- This is similar to that produced by No.
15, except that fewer muscles of the thigh are engaged and a larger number
of those of the leg, affording corresponding differences in details of
effects produced. It is applied for the same purpose.
17. Longitudinal Pressure -- Motion of the
Leg -- This is special application to the lower extremities of No. 2 which
see for description of process.
Effect -- This is usually applied with other processes
for the legs, to increase local nutrition, the local heat production, and
the concomitant revulsive effects.
22. Forearm Rotation -- Position, same as 15
-- Action -- The operator holds immovably the arm of the patient, just
above the elbow. With his other hand he grasps the wrist and with
it he describes a wide circle, so that one part of the revolution the forearm
is nearly in line with the upper arm, while at the opposite part of the
circle described it is almost in contact with the upper arm. Although
the elbow joint is a hinge, the rotary motion is practicable because the
action of the shoulder-joint compensates for the deficiency of the elbow
joint in performing the motion.
Effect -- The same form, with pressure, is supplied
by this process, as has been described of the other parts, when the effect
is due to stretching and relaxing the muscular and connective fibres.
23. Arm Wringing -- Position, reclining, the
arm extended at right angles with the body -- Action -- The arm of the
patient is seized at the shoulder by both hands of the operator, which
grasp and include the flesh of the arm at a little distance apart.
Now, by causing both hands to move independently in opposite directions,
the mass of included flesh is subjected to a vigorous wringing, as has
before been described, in speaking of the leg. The process is applied
to every portion of the arm as the hands of the operator recede from the
shoulder and glide downward, applying the process at each stage till the
whole arm has been subjected to the process.
Effect -- This application combines to the highest
degree special effects by reason of the superior mechanical conditions.
The arm is easily included in the double grasp. The motions are easily
given with great pressure, and the compression caused by slightly twisting
of fibres is additional to the direct pressure afforded by the grasping.
It urges fluids in their appointed courses, whether contained within the
vessels or in the stage herein designated as intervascular. It urges
blood to the skin, increases heat, removes excess of blood from the head
and upper portions of the spine.
24. Arm Rotation -- Position, the same -- Action
-- The arm of the patient is taken hold of by the operator, both at elbow
and hand. The elbow is then caused to transverse a circle as broad
as the length of the upper arm will allow, of which the shoulder is the
center. Care should be taken the upper part of the circuit traversed
be made as broad as the lower, by carrying the arm in the upper part of
its course near to the head, so that all the muscles connecting the arm
with the chest may be thoroughly and equally acted upon. Six or eight
revolutions in each direction may be given.
Effect -- The motion alternately stretches and relaxes
all the muscles connecting the chest with the arms, affecting them
similarly to the longitudinal pressure-motions described in No. 2.
This effect extends beyond those directly attached to the arm, to those
of the shoulder, shoulder blades, and even to those connecting the ribs.
Many of these, particularly the intercostals, subscapular, etc., are quite
beyond the reach of pressure-motions, being protected by bone.
This process also has the effect of increasing the
capacity of the chest and its power and extent of its rhythmical or breathing
motions. The rotary motions above described, and applicable to the
legs, arm and trunk, may, for distinction, be called the non-pressure motions,
because the processes are limited to the stretching and contracting the
muscles engaged in the motions. The advantages of this class of processes
are that they re always agreeable to the patient, can never exceed the
capacity of tender and sensitive parts to receive motions, as is possible
in case of pressure motions, and that, if regarded as a species of exercise,
they are entirely passive, which implies that the muscular nutrition, and
therefore muscular power, are increased by their use, while nervous manifestations
are correspondingly diminished.
25. Double Pressure Motion of the Arms and
Legs -- Position reclining -- Action -- The two hands of the operator are
placed against opposite sides of the part of the limb nearest the body.
Then, while compressing strongly the flesh, rapid alternate, or reciprocating
motion is applied to the part. The hands slowly glide downward, so
as to include a fresh portion of the limb, while the motion and pressure
is continued, and so on till the whole of the flesh of the limb has been
submitted to the process. The same process may be applied in turn
to all the limbs.
Effect -- The motion with pressure is in this process
applied transversely to the average direction of the fibres, nerve conductors
and vessels. The mechanical effect is that of separaton -- divulsion
of the fibres that are from any cause adherent. It therefore becomes
a most effective means for removing adhesions, producing stiffness, contractions,
and consequent deformities of the limbs. The motion is also a powerful
incentive to nutritive changes in the vital muscle cells, and therefore
opposes nervous irritability. It increases oxidation, and therefore
removes obstructive sub-oxidees from the fluids. The very large amount
of interior friction of fibres, cells, membranes, and fluids, cause unusual
development of heat, the physiological alternatiave of vital energy, which
is therefore promoted by the action.
The one difficulty in the mode described. This
is the rapidity with which the power of the operator is transmitted to
the invalid, thus becoming contributary to his power. To apply conjoint
pressure and motion, through both the operator’s hands, speedily exhaust
the most affluent resources of the most robust operator. This he
feels, and in consequence instinctively avoids applying any considerable
amount of these processes which contribute most to increase the energy
of the patient. This is indeed his wisest course; for since his power
is limited, it is employed to best advancage when well husbanded.
MANIPULATIONS FOR CONSTIPATION
The most effective form of manipulation for the relief
of constipation is the following:
Position of the patient is face downward. The
location of the digestive organs is then similar to that of inferior animals.
The advantages of the position are these: Every impingement upon or action
received by the depending part is doubled by the gravitating counteraction
which necessarily follows. This doubles the motion and its effect.
Besides, in the forward lying position the gravitation of the unsupported
digestive organs is from instead of toward the pelvis. This removes
from the lower bowels such obstacles as are caused both by the pressure
and by the folding parts. This alone is not unfrequently a potent
curative aid, for the removal of mechanical obstacles to the pelvic circulation
is practically equivalent to removing local pelvic hyperaemia and its various
To manipulate the abdomen in this position is awkward
and difficult for the operator, especially as the invalid usually desires
a large amount of it.
The patient lies face downward, the breast being
supported by a cushioned bench or the seat of a wide chair, while the thighs
are supported in a similar way, the abdomen being between two supports
and free. The operator, bending over and extending his arms around
the patient, reaches the abdomen with his clenched hands, and applies the
treatment by the alternate applications of motion to either side of the
abdomen. If the patient is large, it will be best to apply to one
side only at a time, with a rather slow and gentle, but strong, impinging
31. Manipulations of the Head -- Position,
reclining -- Action -- The operator, standing or sitting behind the patient,
places his two hands on opposite sides of the patient’s head, compresses
it to an agreeable extent, and imparts semi-rotary and reciprocating motions
to the scalp, which, being but loosely connected to the underlying skull
bone, moves freely upon it. The clasp of the operator’s hands may
be moved from time to time, so as to include each portion of the head successively,
till the whole has become subjected to the process. One hand may
also be placed on the forehead and the other at the base of the head, and
the pressure with motion applied as before, the two hands acting at opposite
parts of the head, and the motion they impart being in opposite directions.
The application may be intermitted and resumed several times.
Effect -- General revulsion; motion is incited in
the contents of the vessels of the brain, especially in the venous sinuses,
by which blood stasis is removed and the nutrition of the brain is refreshed
by the displacement and replacement of materials from which nutritive support
A similar effect, perhaps in less degree, has sometimes
been produced by applying a common tourniquet (such as surgeons use), to
the head at its greatest circumference. After tightening the band,
it must be suddenly let loose. The pressure on the blood vessels
caused by arrest of the flow of the currents appears to superinduce vital
contraction of their walls, which becomes active on removing the obstruction
to such a degree as to empty the vessels, and therefore to remove hyperaemia.
These and similar processes demonstrably strengthen the circulation and
remove mechanical impediments.
32. Throat -- Position, same as in 31. -- Action
-- The operator, standing above or rather behind the head of the patient,
places his finger each side of his throat, bearing with suitable firmness
upon the tissues of the neck in front. A reciprocating motion is
now communicated to the tissues under compression, which includes those
of both sides of the neck.
This may be repeated fifteen or twenty times, or
until the skin had assumed a thoroughly reddened appearance.
The area over which the process is applied may extend
from the angle of the jaw to the base of the neck, giving special attention
to the sensations evoked, and avoiding all harshness or disagreeable feeling.
Effect -- Revulsive; useful in chronic tonsilitis,
catarrh, glandular enlargement, hoarseness, and all forms of sore throat
except the acute.
33. Neck -- Position, lying face downward--Action--The
operator, at the head of the patient as before, applying both hands to
the neck with pressure, communicates, reciprocating motions to the muscular
masses which constitute the back of the neck, from the base of the head
downward to the top of the shoulders. This location admits the application
of the different forms of the pressure motions heretofore described, as
the circular, and the thumb and finger compression, the traverse, the longitudinal,
etc., and in urgent cases these may be applied in series at the same sitting,
and while the patient remains in this favorable position for access to
Effect -- This process affords great relief in cases
of prolonged hyperaemia of the brain, and in connection with the preceding
should be used in cases of suspected pathological changes in the substance
of the brain to promote absorption of mechanical obstructions or of retained
products of imperfect nutritive change, local oxides, etc. Athasia
and related symptoms present examples for trial of these applications.
34. Nose -- Position, reclining -- Action --
The forefinger of each hand of the operator is applied with mild pressure
to each side of the nose of the patient, and the reciprocal pressure-motions
previously described may be thoroughly applied.
Effect -- Aids contracton and gives tone to the capillaries
of the mucous secreting membrane of the nose, removes obstruction in the
local circulation of the parts connected therewith, and is curative of
all forms and stages of catarrh, except the acute. The reader is
reminded that this and the other forms of treatment described in this connection
should be regarded as useless except in connection with general, supporting
35. Ears -- Position, as above -- Action -- Both
ears are loosely grasped by both hands of the operator, who stands behind
the patient, and who also at the same time gently compresses the adjoining
tissues against the skull; he then gives a slow, gentle, rotary or circulary
motion to the compressed mass, which includes not only the ears, but all
the tissues held by the conjoint grasp and pressure.
The circle of motion should extend so far as to cause
agreeable traction of not only of the external ears, but also of the continuous
membrane extending into and forming the lining of the cavity of the ear
terminating with the drum. Motion thus conveyed to the drum is communicated
to the internal apparatus of the ear, including the fluids and contents
of vessels. The circular pressure-motion with traction may be applied
in each direction several times. Similar pressure-motions may also
be applied to the bony prominence below the ear, which contain the mastoid
Effect -- Similar to that of other modes of treatment,
refreshing and reinforcing local nutrition. It is also revulsive,
a potent stimulant to the organs and the function of hearing, and has cured
36. Eyes and Temples -- Position, same -- Action
-- The ends of the fingers but little separated are pressed against the
tissues a little beyond the outer angle of each eye at the sides of the
head. Motion is given to the compressed tissues in a circuit as wide
as the elasticity of the tissues will allow, which compels the included
tissues to accompany the fingers in the circuit, care being taken to avoid
gliding and friction of the outer skin. The direction of the motion
may be frequently changed till the parts subjected to the action have become
Effect -- Revulsion. Promotes absorption from
the interior of the eyes.
37. Eyelids -- Position, the same -- Action
-- The middle finger of each hand is applied to the inner angle of each
eye, and compressing the tissues upon the interior portion of the orbit,
the fingers are slowly moved outward till the outer angle of the eyes are
reached. The eyeball is slightly compressed and the lower lid more
so, in the outward motion.
Next, the fingers of the operator are replaced in
the same commencing position, at the inner angle, but this time travel
over the upper border of the orbit and the upper lid in place of the lower;
also slightly compressing the ball and the upper lid, as much as is borne
with comfort by the patient. This pressure-motion may be applied
in alternation to the lower and upper portions of the ball and the two
eyelids several times. The feelings of the patient must be constantly
observed, to be certain that the impression by the treatment described
is agreeable, in which case its ability may not be doubted.
Effect -- This process appears to assist nutritive changes
of the contents of the eyeball, and therefore to improve the vision. It
is curative of chronic affections of the eyes. It has cured cataract.